What is the cause of acne??
The phenomenon has been investigated for many years and so far specialists have been able to identify several factors responsible for the development of the disease. Genetic predisposition and violation of the hormonal background – These causes are well known to us. But experts name several other important factors: the overactivity of the sebaceous glands, which causes excessive sebum secretion, and an increase in the number of propionibacterium acnes, which aggravates hyperkeratosis. It, in turn, becomes one of the causes of clogging of the sebaceous ducts.
Rashes on the skin can also be provoked by a violation of the diet, stress, and improper care.
Aggressive cosmetics, including comedogenic cosmetics, block pores and create favorable conditions for the aggravation of acne. The process begins when dead skin cells remain on the surface and accumulate in the pores, blocking them. This creates an oxygen-free zone – An ideal breeding ground for anaerobic bacteria. They multiply, the skin pores enlarge, and inflammation occurs.
Only the young get sick?
Acne most often develops in girls under 25. But the disease doesn’t let up with age, either. Not only that, over the years «» of acne get more and more inventive. Festering nodules, painful phlegmonic blackheads, deep scars and even potholes appear. It’s pointless to fight acne with girlfriend remedies bought on the advice of a girlfriend, Instagram or even a pharmacist. There’s no guarantee that years of tried-and-true grandmother’s recipes will help, either.
Acne – is a personalized disease, i.e. each person suffers differently, hence the treatment must be individualized. Self-treatment can aggravate the process and prolong it for several years. Only systemic therapy prescribed by a doctor can help solve the problem, and he also monitors the result and the course of the disease.
How quickly acne can be cured?
Treatment is rather long-term, because acne is accompanied by periods of remission and exacerbation. It takes at least half a year, or even eight months, to heal completely. The thing is that the cell renewal cycle is 28 – 32 days. During this time we will not understand how effective the treatment is, at least three layers of skin cells need to be renewed against the background of therapy. If this condition is neglected, it is possible to get a postacne symptom-complex – a large number of rashes, age spots, atrophic and hypertrophic scars, milia (horny cysts of the upper skin layer).
Do folk remedies help from acne?
Despite the fact that there are certain clinical guidelines that guide the entire medical world, the therapy depends on the form, degree and severity of acne. Simply put, it is strictly individual. With an average degree of severity, a predominantly systemic approach is used: a course of oral antibiotics and external remedies – creams – which may include tetracycline-type antibiotics.
A form of dermatological boltushka, which no-no-no is still used, is irrelevant and ineffective. Boltushka contains alcohol, which is known to dry the skin, change the acid-base balance and increase the secretion of subcutaneous sebum, which further provokes inflammation.
Can we do without antibiotics??
If the form is severe, it may require treatment by various specialists: not only a dermatologist, but also an endocrinologist, a gynecologist. Treatment may also include low-dose forms of antibiotics, they are prescribed in dosages that allow prolongation of therapy for several months and achieve namely anti-inflammatory effect, but not antibacterial. Depending on the results, the doctor may combine antibiotics with other drugs.
The gold standard of local acne treatment – A combination of retinol (a form of vitamin A) and the antimicrobial basiron, which is not essentially an antibiotic, but in certain interaction with the skin forms free oxygen, which kills P.acnes, bacteria, because they can only live in an oxygen-free environment.
In some cases, the doctor may prescribe antiparasitic drugs. At the doctor’s discretion, oral antibiotics may also be prescribed. And only after that – a competent course of probiotics, bacteriophages to restore the intestinal microflora. Combined administration of probiotics and antibiotics – is not effective!