Chlamydia – One of the most common infectious sexually transmitted diseases. The causative agent of the disease is chlamydia, which parasitizes inside the cells of the epithelium of the urogenital system.
A distinctive feature of these pathogenic bacteria is that they can adapt to medications, and can also «hide» inside the cells of other equally harmful microorganisms (chlamydia is quite often combined with various genital infections: mycoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, gardnerellosis and others). This is what contributes to the rather complicated treatment of chlamydia, which should be carried out exclusively under the supervision of experienced doctors of venereology, gynecology or urology.
Let’s assume that after consultations with a doctor, laboratory tests and examinations, you have been diagnosed with chlamydia.
First stage of treatment
The first thing you will have to look forward to – is a fairly frank discussion with your doctor, and the questions he will ask you are in no way about idle curiosity. All questions must be answered as honestly as possible.
- Firstly, because the treatment of chlamydia is built strictly individually for each patient, and a lot of treatment will depend on whether you have previously suffered any other sexually transmitted infections or the same chlamydia (the body does not develop resistant immunity to chlamydia, so re-infection is quite possible).
- Secondly, since chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection, it is an infection, you can not avoid questions about your sex life, as well as the examination of your sexual partner, and most likely his further treatment.
As for the confidentiality of the conversation with the doctor, you don’t have to worry here, because.к. The answers to all questions are confidential and will not leave the room without your consent.
Second stage of treatment
Next you will be prescribed a drug treatment for chlamydia. First of all in the treatment of chlamydia apply antibiotics, which have the property of suppressing the development of harmful microorganisms and are used to prevent and treat inflammation caused by bacterial microflora. As mentioned above, chlamydiae are quite «smart» bacteria, so various antibiotics are used in the treatment of chlamydia: macrolides, tetracyclines, ciprofloxacin.
- Macrolides – are a group of drugs of predominantly bacteriostatic action, active against Gram-positive cocci (streptococci, staphylococci) and intracellular pathogens (chlamydia, mycoplasmas and others).
- Tetracyclines – These are antibiotics that have a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against a fairly large list of bacteria.
- Ciprofloxacins – is an antimicrobial drug that inhibits bacterial DNA, bacterial growth and division, and causes rapid death of the bacterial cell.
But you can’t treat chlamydia with antibiotics alone
Firstly, no antibiotic can easily cope with chlamydiae without help from the immune system
- Secondly, prolonged use of antibiotics can have a toxic effect on the central nervous system, thereby suppressing the immune system, whose activity is so important in the treatment of chlamydia
Therefore, along with antibiotics are actively used various immunomodulatory drugs, vitamins, general therapeutic means, physical procedures are not excluded – all this is prescribed to improve the immune system and strengthen the body as a whole.
Treatment of chlamydia may take from 2-3 weeks to 2-3 months, depending on the individual patient and the degree of neglect of the disease.
After you take a full course of treatment for chlamydia, after a certain period of time which the doctor will indicate, you will need to undergo another examination to make sure you are completely cured.
Infections associated with chlamydia
Many patients often wonder why they seem to be diagnosed with chlamydia, but start treatment for an entirely different disease. This raises doubts about the competence of the doctor. Again, chlamydia is very often accompanied by other sex infections and the presence of harmful microorganisms. Let’s look at the treatment of chlamydia with trichomoniasis.
Trichomoniasis – is a protozoan microorganism of sufficiently large size, which captures and digests the surface cells of the mucous membrane of the urogenital system. Scientists’ studies have shown that for several reasons the trichomonads are unable to destroy a cell with chlamydia inside it. Therefore, chlamydiae continue their harmful activity within the trichomonads.
At the same time, antibiotics used in the treatment of chlamydia have no effect on the trichomonad because of its biological characteristics, and these antibiotics are also unable to penetrate it to «» directly with the chlamydia. Simply put, the trichomonad – is a safe haven for the chlamydia, where it feels great, even under intense «attack» with antibiotics.
Treatment of chlamydia should be under the strict supervision of a doctor. With improper use of antibiotics (dosage, duration of use, choice of antibiotic), chlamydia can mutate and form resistance to the antibiotic used. As a result, chlamydia can become chronic and cause a whole bouquet of chronic diseases of the urogenital system. In this case, you will have to undergo a much longer and more expensive treatment course.